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N.C. Department of Environment and Natural Resources

NC Department of Environment and Natural Resources
Waste Management - WM - Solid Waste - Disaster Debris Management - C&D

Waste Management

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Emergency/Disaster Construction and Demolition Debris Guidance

When local governments are preparing temporary facilities for handling debris resulting from the cleanup efforts due to hurricane damage, the guidelines below should be considered when establishing staging/transfer sites for Construction & Demolition (C&D)and C&D recycling treatment and processing facilities. The Solid Waste Section Regional staff should be contacted to assist in selecting an appropriate site(s) for staging/transfer areas.

These guidelines apply only to sites for staging/transferring C&D storm debris (roof shingles/roofing materials, carpet, insulation, wallboard, treated and painted lumber, etc.).  Arrangements should be made to screen out unsuitable materials, such as household garbage, white goods, asbestos containing materials (ACM's),  and household hazardous waste.

Environmental assessments of the temporary debris staging site should be conducted prior to beginning and after completion of the waste staging and processing operations. The assessments should include the collection of soil and water samples for chemical analysis. Contact the Solid Waste Section Environmental Senior Specialist in your area for a sample parameter list. Any contaminant spills or releases should be reported immediately to the Solid Waste Section Environmental Senior Specialist in your area.

STAGING/TRANSFERRING SITES
Locating sites for staging/transferring C&D waste can be accomplished by contacting the Regional Solid Waste Section staff for evaluating potential sites and to revisit sites used in the past to see if site conditions have changed or if the surrounding areas have changed significantly to alter the use of the site.  The following guidelines are presented in locating a site for "staging/transferring" and are considered "minimum standards" for selecting a site for use:

1. Sites should be located outside of identifiable or known floodplain and flood prone areas; consult the Flood Insurance Rate Map for the location in your county to verify these areas. Due to heavy rains associated with hurricanes and saturated conditions that result, flooding may occur more frequently than normally expected.

2. Hauler unloading areas for incoming C&D debris material should be at a minimum 100 feet from all surface waters of the state.  "Waters of the state" includes but is not limited to small creeks, streams, watercourses, ditches that maintain seasonal groundwater levels, ponds, wetlands, etc.

3. Storage areas for incoming C&D debris shall be at least 100 feet from the site property boundaries, on-site buildings/structures, and septic tanks with leach fields or at least 250 feet from off-site residential dwellings, commercial or public structures, and potable water supply wells, whichever is greater.

4. Materials separated from incoming C&D debris (white goods, scrap metal, etc.) shall be at least 100 feet from site property lines. Other non-transferable C&D wastes (household garbage, larger containers of liquid, household hazardous waste shall be placed in containers and transported to the appropriate facilities as soon as possible.

5. Sites that have identified wetlands should be avoided, if possible. If wetlands exist or wetland features appear at a potential site; verification by the local Corps of Engineers office or Division of Water Quality Regional Office will be necessary to delineate areas of concern. Once areas are delineated, the areas shall be flagged and a 100-foot buffer shall be maintained for all activities on-going at the site.

6. The Division of Land Resources, Land Quality Section, should be contacted for assistance on good erosion control measures and permitting guidance.

7. Dust control measures shall be implemented when necessary to prevent dust from moving off-site or causing visibility problems.

8. Sites bisected by overhead power transmission lines need careful consideration due to large dump body trucks/trailers used to haul debris, and underground utilities need to be identified due to the potential for site disturbance by truck/equipment traffic and possible site grading.

9. Sites shall have an attendant(s) during operating hours to minimize the acceptance of unapproved materials and to provide directions to haulers and private citizens bringing in debris.

10. The operator shall manage the temporary debris management site to minimize the risk of fire. Any occurrence of fire, excluding authorized controlled burning, shall be reported within 24 hours to the Solid Waste Section Environmental Senior Specialist in your area.

11. Sites should be secure after operating hours to prevent unauthorized access to the site. Temporary measures to limit access to the site could be the use of trucks or equipment to block entry. Gates, cables, or swing pipes should be installed as soon as possible for permanent access control, if a site is to be used longer than two weeks.

12. When possible, signs should be installed to inform haulers and the general public on types of waste accepted, hours of operation, and who to contact in case of after hours emergency.

13. Final written approval is required from the Solid Waste Section to consider any debris management site to be closed. Closure of processing/recycling sites shall be within six (6) months of receiving waste. If site operations will be necessary beyond this time frame, permitting of the site by the Solid Waste Section may be required. If conditions at the site become injurious to public health and the environment, then the site shall be closed until conditions are corrected or permanently closed.  Closure of sites shall be in accordance with "DISASTER DEBRIS CLEAN UP GUIDELINES, CLOSURE AND RESTORATION OF TEMPORARY DEBRIS MANAGEMENT SITES".

PROCESSING/RECYCLING SITES
Management of C&D debris and source separated materials to be recycled shall be in accordance with permit conditions and operational requirements of permitted C&D Processing/Recycling Facilities and the following additional conditions:

1. Contact the Health Hazards Control Branch for information on managing asbestos containing materials (ACM's) or materials that are considered regulated asbestos containing materials.

2. Contact the Division of Pollution Prevention and Environmental Assistance at 919-707-8100 for an up to date copy of "DIRECTORY OF MARKETS FOR RECYCLABLE MATERIALS" and a listing of suppliers/contractors with tub grinders, maulers, and other processing equipment for the recycling of C&D waste.  

3. Sites should be located outside of identifiable or known floodplain and flood prone areas; consult the Flood Insurance Rate Map for the location in your county to verify these areas. Due to heavy rains associated with natural disasters and saturated conditions that result, flooding may occur more frequently than normally expected.

4. Storage areas for incoming debris should be at a minimum 100 feet from all surface waters of the state. "Waters of the state" includes but is not limited to small creeks, streams, watercourses, ditches that maintain seasonal groundwater levels, ponds, wetlands, etc..

5. Storage areas for incoming debris shall be located at least 100 feet from property boundaries and on-site buildings/structures.

6. Sites that have identified wetlands should be avoided, if possible. If  wetlands exist or wetland features appear at a potential site, verification by the local Corps of Engineers office or Division of Water Quality Regional Office will be necessary to delineate areas of concern. Once areas are delineated, the areas shall be flagged and a 100-foot buffer shall be maintained for all activities on-going at the site.

7. Storage areas for incoming C&D debris shall be at least 100 feet from the site property boundaries, on-site buildings/structures, and septic tanks with leach fields or at least 250 feet from off-site residential dwellings, commercial or public structures, and potable water supply wells, whichever is greater.

8. The Division of Land Resources, Land Quality Section should be contacted for assistance on good erosion control measures and permitting guidance.

9. Sites bisected by overhead power transmission lines need careful consideration due to large dump body trucks/trailers used to haul debris and the intense heat generated by the ACB device.  Underground utilities need to be identified prior to digging pits for using the ACB device.

10. Provisions should be made to prevent unauthorized access to facilities when not open for use. As a temporary measure, access can be secured by blocking drives or entrances with trucks or other equipment when the facilities are closed.  Gates, cables, or other more standard types of access control should be installed as soon as possible.

11. When possible, post signs with operating hours and information about what types of clean up waste may be accepted. Also include information as to whether only commercial haulers or the general public may deposit waste.

Final written approval is required from the Solid Waste Section to consider any debris management site to be closed.  Closure of processing/recycling sites shall be within one (1) year of receiving waste. If site operations will be necessary beyond this time frame, permitting of the site by the Solid Waste Section may be required.  If conditions at the site become injurious to public health and the environment, then the site shall be closed until conditions are corrected or permanently closed.  Closure of sites shall be in accordance with "DISASTER DEBRIS CLEANUP GUIDELINES, CLOSURE AND RESTORATION OF TEMPORARY DEBRIS MANAGEMENT SITES".


Sites shall be managed and monitored in accordance with the Solid Waste Management Rules and to prevent threats to the environment or public health.

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