PUBLIC INFORMATION LINKS
The Superfund Section investigates uncontrolled and unregulated hazardous waste sites. They identify the risks these sites pose, prioritize them for cleanup, and direct cleanup activities. They apply the federal Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980, the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986, the state's Inactive Hazardous Sites Response Act of 1987 and the Drycleaning Solvent Cleanup Act and Amendments.
The Superfund Section consists of three branches:
The Federal Remediation Branch works with EPA and, when appropriate, the Department of Defense (DOD) to investigate, assess, and remediate sites where uncontrolled and unregulated hazardous waste have been or may be released into the environment. Once discovered, sites are placed on EPA's CERCLA inventory (CERCLIS) and assessed to determine their relative risk to public health and the environment. CERCLIS sites are screened for the National Priorities List (NPL) using criteria set out in EPA's Hazard Ranking System. Sites are evaluated based on the likelihood of hazardous substance release, characteristics of wastes on site, and their potential impacts on target populations and sensitive environments should contaminants migrate through air, surface water, groundwater or soil exposure pathways.
Once a site has been listed on the NPL or determined to be of NPL caliber, the Federal Remediation Branch provides oversight and technical guidance to EPA for site cleanup. The Federal Remediation Branch also works with Department of Defense (DOD) to investigate and remediate sites on DOD installations and at some other non-installation sites that were once used by DOD (Formerly Used Defense Sites or FUDS). Sites on the National Priorities List (NPL) are eligible for long-term remedial action financed by a federal trust fund with a state cost share or by potential responsible parties (PRP). When the federal trust fund is used, CERCLA requires the State to provide assurances including payment of 10 percent of the cost of remedial actions and 100 percent of certain types of operation and maintenance (O&M). The Federal Remediation Branch manages the O&M of NPL sites that are returned to North Carolina by EPA after NPL remediation process has been completed. Federal military sites addressed under the Defense Environmental Restoration Program (DERP) are eligible for long term remedial action financed by the DOD. DERP sites are listed in the North Carolina Department of Defense and State Memorandum of Agreement.
The Federal Remediation Branch Target Screening Values Table provides screening criteria for determination of Contaminants of Potential Concern and ultimately aids in the establishment of site remediation goals. This table should not be used in place of or confused with the Soil Remediation Goals Table used under the Inactive Hazardous Sites and Registered Environmental Consultants Programs Guidelines.
The Inactive Hazardous Sites Branch administers the North Carolina Inactive Hazardous Sites Response Act of 1987 (N.C.G.S. 130A-310 et seq). It was created to protect the public and the environment from uncontrolled and unregulated hazardous wastes sites not addressed by other programs. The IHS Branch works on sites where hazardous substance and/or waste contamination exists. The Branch does not address sites located at RCRA permitted or interim status facilities, or with petroleum releases. Refer to the Branch's page for other exceptions.
The Branch also implements the Pre-Regulatory Landfill Program to assess and mitigate the hazardous at uncontrolled, unpermitted landfills that closed prior to 1983.
The Special Remediation Branch conducts activities regarding the assessment and remediation of both state and federal sites.
Drycleaning Solvent Cleanup Act Program - A voluntary program designed to assess and remediate drycleaning sites that are contaminated with drycleaning solvents.
Manufactured Gas Plant Initiative -The branch negotiated an agreement with the North Carolina Manufactured Gas Plant Group, a utility industry working group. Under the agreement, the branch will assess and, where needed, clean up 28 to 35 manufactured gas plant sites in the state. This is the section’s first experiment in "direct funding." Members of the N.C. MGP Group provided the division with $425,000 used to hire staff that oversaw these sites for the first three years. In 2004, the MGP group agreed to provide close to $430,000 to continue the project for another three years. No state resources are used on these sites. More information on this agreement can be found here.