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North Carolina Department of Environment Quality

NC Department of Environment and Natural Resources
Marine Fisheries - Proclamation SH-02-2019

Marine Fisheries

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SH-2-2019

PROCLAMATION

RE: SHRIMP TRAWL BYCATCH REDUCTION DEVICE REQUIREMENTS – CROATAN AND ROANOKE SOUNDS, PORTIONS OF THE PAMLICO AND NEUSE RIVERS, CORE SOUND AND SOUTH TO THE SOUTH CAROLINA STATE LINE, AND SKIMMER TRAWLS STATEWIDE


This proclamation establishes specific bycatch reduction device requirements for taking shrimp with trawls (except as described in Section IV.) in Croatan and Roanoke sounds, portions of the Pamlico and Neuse rivers, Core Sound, and the Coastal Fishing Waters south to the North Carolina-South Carolina State Line where up to 90 feet of combined headrope is allowed. The following restrictions also apply statewide for all skimmer trawls.

Stephen W. Murphey, Director, Division of Marine Fisheries, hereby announces that effective at 12:01 A.M. Monday, July 1, 2019 the following restrictions apply to shrimp trawls:

I. AREA DESCRIPTIONS:

A. It is unlawful to take shrimp with trawls, except as described in Sections II, III, and IV, in the areas listed below:
1. North of the 35° 46.3000' N latitude line;
2. Core Sound south of a line beginning at a point 34° 59.7942' N - 76° 14.6514' W on Camp Point; running easterly to a point 34° 58.7853' N - 76° 09.8922' W on Core Banks; to the South Carolina State Line;
3. Pamlico River upstream of a line from a point 35° 18.5882' N - 76° 28.9625' W at Pamlico Point; running northerly to a point 35° 22.3741' N - 76° 28.6905' W at Willow Point; and
4. Neuse River southwest of a line from a point 34° 58.2000' N - 76° 40.5167' W at Winthrop Point on the eastern shore of the entrance to Adams Creek; running northerly to a point 35° 01.0744' N - 76° 42.1550' W at Windmill Point at the entrance of Greens Creek at Oriental.
B. It is unlawful to take shrimp with skimmer trawls in Coastal Fishing Waters except as described in Sections II, III, and IV.

II. GEAR RESTRICTIONS:
In the areas described in Section I, it is unlawful for a person to use a shrimp trawl with mesh lengths less than one and one-half inches and without authorized North Carolina Division of Marine Fisheries (NCDMF) Bycatch Reduction Devices (BRD) properly installed and operational in the tail bag/cod end of EACH net as outlined below. Authorized NCDMF BRDs include:

A. Florida Fish Excluder (FFE) (Figure 1 and Table 1):
1. Description: Cone-shaped rigid frame constructed from aluminum, steel, or stainless steel round bar or tubing which is inserted into the tail bag/cod end to form an escape opening. Minimum construction and installation requirements stated below.
2. The FFE shall be installed on the outside of the trawl. The webbing of the trawl attached to the FFE cannot cover more than 50% of the FFE.
3. The escapement opening of the FFE shall be diamond in shape and shall remain unobstructed at all times. Diamond shaped FFE shall measure at least 5 1/2 inches x 6 1/2 inches or 6 inches x 6 inches, inside diameter (see Figure 1).
4. Placement of the apex (narrow end) of the FFE shall be toward the headrope of the trawl (forward).
5. A FFE shall have at least three (3) legs and no more than four (4) legs and measure at least 12 inches in length (see Figure 1).
6. The opening of the FFE shall be installed on the outside of the tail bag/cod end of the trawl no further forward than 65% of the functional tail bag/cod end length measured from the tail bag/cod end tie-off rings (Table 1).
7. The center of the FFE escapement opening shall be installed no more than 19 meshes from the top centerline of the tail bag/cod end.
8. A FFE shall be constructed from aluminum, steel, or stainless steel round bar or tubing.
B. Federal Fisheye (Figures 2 and 3):
1. Description: The Federal Fisheye BRD is a cone-shaped rigid frame constructed from aluminum or steel rod of at least 1/4 inch (6.35 mm) diameter, which is inserted into the tail bag/cod end to form an escape opening. Minimum construction and installation requirements stated below.
2. The Federal Fisheye has a minimum escape opening dimension of 5 inches (12.7 cm) and a minimum total escape opening area of 36 in2 (91.4 cm2) [inside dimensions, not bar lengths (Figure 2 and 3).
3. The Federal Fisheye shall be installed on the outside of the trawl. The webbing of the trawl attached to the Federal Fisheye cannot cover more than 50% of the Federal Fisheye.
4. When the Federal Fisheye BRD is installed, no part of the lazy line attachment system (i.e., any mechanism, such as elephant ears or choker straps, used to attach the lazy line to the tail bag/cod end) may overlap the Federal Fisheye escape opening when the Federal Fisheye is installed aft of the attachment point of the tail bag/cod end retrieval system. The escapement opening of the Fisheye BRD shall remain unobstructed at all times.
5. The Federal Fisheye BRD must be installed at the top center of the tail bag/cod end of the trawl to create an escape opening in the trawl facing the direction of the mouth of the trawl no further forward than 11 ft (3.4 m) from the tail bag/cod end tie-off rings.
6. Placement of the apex (narrow end) of the Federal Fisheye shall be toward the headrope of the trawl (forward).
C. Gulf Fisheye (Figures 2, 3, and 4):
1. Description: The Gulf Fisheye is a cone-shaped rigid frame constructed from aluminum or steel rod of at least 1/4 inch (6.35 mm) diameter, which is inserted into the top center of the tail bag/cod end, and is offset not more than 15 meshes perpendicular to the top center of the tail bag/cod end to form an escape opening. Minimum construction and installation requirements stated below.
2. The Gulf Fisheye has a minimum escape opening dimension of 5 inches (12.7 cm) and a minimum total escape opening area of 36 in2 (91.4 cm2) [inside dimensions, not bar lengths] (Figure 2 and 3).
3. The Gulf Fisheye shall be installed on the outside of the trawl. The webbing of the trawl attached to the Gulf Fisheye cannot cover more than 50% of the Fisheye.
4. The Gulf Fisheye BRD must be installed in the tail bag/cod end of the trawl to create an escape opening in the trawl, facing in the direction of the mouth of the trawl, no less than 8.5 ft (2.59 m) and no further forward than 12.5 ft (3.81 m) from the tail bag/cod end tie-off rings, and may be offset no more than 15 meshes perpendicular to the top center of the tail bag/cod end (Figure 4).
5. When the Gulf Fisheye BRD is installed, no part of the lazy line attachment system (i.e., any mechanism, such as elephant ears or choker straps, used to attach the lazy line to the tail bag/cod end) may overlap the Fisheye escape opening when the Gulf Fisheye is installed aft of the attachment point of the tail bag/cod end retrieval system. The escapement opening of the Gulf Fisheye shall remain unobstructed at all times.Placement of the apex (narrow end) of the Gulf Fisheye shall be toward the headrope of the trawl (forward).
D. Eight (8) inch PVC "Sea Eagle" Fish Excluder (Figure 5 and Table 2):
1. Description: The “Sea Eagle” Fish Excluder is a cone-shaped device similar to the Florida Fish Excluder and is constructed out of PVC pipe and has a trap door that is designed to close on haul back to prevent escapement of shrimp. The device is inserted into the tail bag/cod end to form an escapement opening. Minimum construction and installation requirements stated below.
2. Placement of the apex (narrow end) of the "Sea Eagle" shall face the tail bag/cod end of the trawl (aft).
3. The opening of the "Sea Eagle" shall be eight (8) inches in diameter and installed in the tail bag/cod end of the trawl no further forward than 38% of the functional tail bag/cod end length from the tail bag/cod end tie-off rings (Table 2).
4. The center of the "Sea Eagle" escapement opening shall be installed on either side of the tail bag/cod end between 0 and 15 meshes from the top centerline of the tail bag/cod end.
5. The escapement opening of the "Sea Eagle" shall be unobstructed (the escapement flap shall be free to move and a fish retention grate shall not be present).
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N.C. Division of Marine Fisheries • 3441 Arendell Street • Morehead City, NC 28557 • 252-726-7021 or 800-682-2632

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