skip to main content | skip to footer
N.C. Department of Environment and Natural Resources

NC Department of Environment and Natural Resources
Marine Fisheries - Grunt white

Marine Fisheries

Web Content Display Web Content Display

White grunt
White Grunt

Haemulon plumieri

AKA: Common grunt, redmouth, ruby red lips

Description: The white grunt’s body is silver-gray with numerous blue and yellow stripes on the head and body. On some, the scales appear tipped with bronze. The pectoral fins are chalky and the other fins are gray. The lining of the body cavity is black. The interior of the mouth is bright red. The white grunt produces an audible grunting sound.

Size: White grunt grow to 25 inches and 8 pounds, but most catches are around 15 inches and 1½ pounds. There is no citation for white grunt.

Sometimes confused with: other grunts

Habitat: White grunts inhabit irregular bottom areas of the continental shelf from Virginia to Brazil, including Bermuda, the Caribbean and the Gulf of Mexico. White grunts are commonly found from the shoreline to the outer reef edge to depths of 80 feet and offshore over hard bottoms to depths of 115 feet. The adults form schools with other species of fish over coral reefs or sandy bottoms. Juvenile white grunts reside inshore in seagrass beds.

Eating habits: White grunts are carnivores that feed on bottom-dwelling invertebrates. At night they migrate off the reefs to open, sandy, muddy or grassy areas to feed, typically moving off the reef shortly after sunset and returning to the reef just before sunrise.

Life cycle: White grunts reach sexual maturity during their third year, or at about 8 inches long. Spawning occurs in the late spring and summer on offshore hard bottoms or reefs.

Fishing tips: Anglers usually do not target white grunts, but they catch them incidentally while fishing for porgy, triggerfish, groupers and snappers. Sport fishermen on charter boats and head boats use manual and electric-powered reels to catch white grunts over natural and artificial reefs.

N.C. Division of Marine Fisheries • 3441 Arendell Street • Morehead City, NC 28557 • 252-726-7021 or 800-682-2632

NCDMF logo

Print
38337 FEEDBACK

Your input is valuable to us. Please send us your feedback.

What type of feedback would you like to send?*

Ask a Question Report a Problem Have a Concern Make a Comment

(If you would like us to respond please include your phone or e-mail.)

Your Question has been sent. Thank you!

An internal server error prevented Your Question from being sent.
Please try again later, or call Toll-Free (877) 623-6748 for immediate assistance.

Please complete all highlighted items

Your Problem has been sent. Thank you!

An internal server error prevented Your Question from being sent.
Please try again later, or call Toll-Free (877) 623-6748 for immediate assistance.

Please complete all highlighted items

Your Concern has been sent. Thank you!

An internal server error prevented Your Question from being sent.
Please try again later, or call Toll-Free (877) 623-6748 for immediate assistance.

Please complete all highlighted items

Your Comment has been sent. Thank you!

An internal server error prevented Your Question from being sent.
Please try again later, or call Toll-Free (877) 623-6748 for immediate assistance.

Please complete all highlighted items

*If you are a DENR employee with an I.T. issue, please submit a DOTS ticket.