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N.C. Department of Environment and Natural Resources

NC Department of Environment and Natural Resources
Marine Fisheries - 38 Shrimp SSR 2012

Marine Fisheries

Shrimp

Shrimp - 2012

Stock Status – Viable – This annual stock consists of three species: brown shrimp, pink shrimp and white shrimp.

Average Commercial Landings and Value – 2002-2011 – 6,456,642 lbs./$11,955,522

2011 Commercial Landings and Value – 5,140,360 lbs./$10,855,795

Average Recreational Landings – Not available

Status of Fisheries Management Plan (FMP) – A state FMP was approved in April 2006 by the N.C. Marine Fisheries Commission. The plan included a 90-foot headrope limit in most internal waters, allowed skimmer trawls as a Recreational Commercial Gear License (RCGL) gear and made recommendations on the minimum shrimp size at which some water bodies open to trawling. The plan also closed some areas in the state to protect habitats and juvenile finfish and established a 48-quart limit on shrimp captured by individuals possessing a RCGL. A restriction on the use of shrimp trawls above the Highway 172 Bridge over New River took effect in 2010. DMF is currently revising the FMP and the 2012 revision should be complete in November 2012.

Research and Data Needs – Standardized effort and bycatch estimation data. Trawling issue studies, including continuation of the development and testing of alternative gears for the trawl fishery, bycatch characterization and habitat impacts.

Current Regulations – With a RCGL license and one person aboard a vessel, it is unlawful to possess more than 48 quarts, heads on, or 30 quarts, heads off, of shrimp. With a RCGL and more than one person aboard a vessel, all of whom possess a RCGL, it is unlawful to possess more than 96 quarts, heads on, or 60 quarts, heads off, of shrimp. When using a cast net there is a 100 shrimp per person per day limit in closed areas and a 48-quart limit in open shrimping areas. There is a 48 quart recreational limit for other gears in open shrimping areas.

Harvest Season – It is unlawful to take shrimp with nets until the fisheries director, by proclamation, opens the season in various waters. Proclamations may specify any hours of day or night or both and any other conditions appropriate to manage the fishery. Some waterbodies are open year round. Check with the Division of Marine Fisheries for which waterbodies are open.
 
Size and Age at Maturity – 3-5 inches/4-6 months

Historical and Current Maximum Age – 18 months/18 months (rare)

Juvenile Abundance Index 2002-2011/2011 *(validated; brown shrimp only)
Southern District – 65.3/ 71.1
Central District – South side of Neuse River/Pamlico Sound – 55.7/37.1
Core Sound – 198.5/409.3
Pamlico District – Hyde County – 97.1/62.6
Pamlico County – 38.9/63.0

Habits and Habitats – Shrimp are spawned offshore in the winter. Post-larval shrimp move from the ocean into the estuaries on wind and tide driven currents in early spring. Shrimp move into creek and river bottoms, and grassbeds where they grow rapidly, feeding on plant and animal material such as algae, worms, small fish, crabs and other shrimp. As the shrimp increase in size, they migrate from the upper reaches of small creeks to deeper saltier rivers and sounds. By late summer and fall, they return to the ocean to spawn.

*Average number of shrimp per one-minute tow.

For more information contact:
Southern District — email Chip Collier at Chip.Collier@ncdenr.gov or call 800-248-4536 or 910-796-7215
Central District — email Tina Moore at Tina.Moore@ncdenr.gov or call 800-682-2632 or 252-726-7021
Pamlico District — email Katy West at Katy.West@ncdenr.gov or call 800-338-7804 or 252-946-6481

N.C. Division of Marine Fisheries • 3441 Arendell Street • Morehead City, NC 28557 • 252-726-7021 or 800-682-2632

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