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N.C. Department of Environment and Natural Resources

NC Department of Environment and Natural Resources
Marine Fisheries - 22 White Perch SSR 2012

Marine Fisheries

White Perch

White Perch - 2012

Stock Status - Unknown - Federal aid project F-80 began March 2004 to fulfill data needs for the upcoming Fishery Management Plan. Data show juvenile abundance indices are near historical averages after severe decline in the mid 1980s and early 1990s. Landings have had a positive trend over the last 17 years.

Average Commercial Landings and Value 2002-2011 – 272,734 lbs./$194,856

2011 Commercial Landings and Value – 245,611 lbs./$223,227

Average Recreational Landings 2000-2011 - Unknown 2011 - Unknown

Average Recreational Commercial Gear License (RCGL) Landings 2002-2008 – 15,531 lbs., 2011 – Discontinued due to loss of funding

Status of Fishery Management Plan (FMP) – There is no state or federal plan. A state plan was scheduled for development when adequate data became available, however the DMF is proposing to the Marine Fisheries Commission that white perch be removed from the FMP list.

Data and Research Needs - validation of juvenile indices, size, age, and sex composition of commercial and recreational harvest, updated maturity estimates,    gear selectivity estimates, gut content analysis, spawning area surveys, identify movement and migration patterns, evaluate similarities of age, growth, and productivity between waterbodies

Current Regulations - none

Harvest Season - open year round

Size and Age at Maturity - males - 3 inches total length (TL)/2 years; females - 4 inches TL/3-4 years

Historical and Current Maximum Age – 17 years/13 years

Juvenile Abundance Index Average 2004 – 2011 –8.4 2011 – 5.8 (not validated)

Habits and Habitats - Spawning occurs in rivers and tributaries over fine gravel, sand, or mud from late March to early May. Eggs hatch within 6 days, depending on the water temperature. Young utilize the rivers and sounds as a nursery area, within the same area as the adults.

For more information, email Michael Loeffler at Michael.Loeffler@ncdenr.gov or call 800-338-7805 or 252-264-3911.

N.C. Division of Marine Fisheries • 3441 Arendell Street • Morehead City, NC 28557 • 252-726-7021 or 800-682-2632

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