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N.C. Department of Environment and Natural Resources

NC Department of Environment and Natural Resources
Marine Fisheries - 1999 Stock Status Report - Archives

Marine Fisheries

Stock Status of Important Coastal Fisheries in North Carolina
Archival Reports: 1999

Click on a species name to get a more detailed report on its status.

Download a printer-friendly PDF version of this page.
Status definitions can be found here. Glossary of fisheries terms can be
found here.

Important Note:Documents containing recreational fishing catch statistics that were prepared before 02/01/2012 will be
updated to reflect changes in the methodology used to produce estimates.
For more information contact Doug.Mumford@ncdenr.gov.


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Species and Stock Status
 
Viable
Recovering
Concern
Depleted
Unknown
Comments
Atlantic Croaker     X     Concern with lack of fish in sounds and uncontrolled catches in ocean, however ocean fishery appears viable.
Atlantic Menhaden X         Very high spawning stock; continued poor recruitment; reduced fishing effort.
Black Sea Bass            
N. of Hatteras       X   Overfished based on ASMFC assessment.
S. of Hatteras     X     South-Overfished based on SAFMC assessment; new size and bag limits should address concerns.
Bluefish   X       ASMFC/MAFMC plan developed.Biomass models infer reduced fishing mortality should result in stabilization of the stock.
Catfishes (A)         X No current sampling program.
Dolphin X         SAFMC developing FMP.
American Eel         X ASMFC developing FMP. No directed sampling program.
Southern Flounder     X     Fishing pressure on stock is tremendous. Stock comprised primarily of young fish. Fisheries are dependent on recruitment.
Summer Flounder   X       Population consists of mostly young fish, but older fish are increasing. Spawning stock biomass at record levels
Gag Grouper       X   Stock considered overfished by SAFMC. New size and bag limits should address concern.
Kingfishes (A)         X Growing ocean sinknet fishery south of Hatteras, recreational landings fairly stable.
King Mackerel X         The SSB and TAC continue to increase based on 1999 South Atlantic assessment.
Spanish Mackerel X         The SSB and TAC continue to increase based on 1999 South Atlantic assessment.
Monkfish       X   FMP developed by NE/MAFMC - 10 year recovery period.
Striped Mullet     X     Landings trends have remained consistent over the long term although effort has increased.
Red Drum       X   Low recruitment of juvenile stock to adult stock. North Carolina MFC FMP being developed.
Reef Fish (B)     X     Of the 73 species (including black sea bass) in the SAFMC unit, 17 are considered overfished
River Herring (A)            
Albemarle Sound       X   Reduced number of age classes in harvest, low juvenile production, fewer number of repeat spawners.
Other Areas         X No current sampling program.
Species and Stock Status
  Viable Recovering Concern Overfished Unknown Comments
Scup       X   Stock size near record-low levels. Spawning stock biomass declining.
American Shad         X No current sampling program.
Hickory Shad         X Landings and abundance increasing.
Sharks       X   Increases in fishing pressure over the past eleven years prompted State and federal fishery management measures.
Dogfish Sharks       X   FMP developed for federal waters by MA/NEFMC - 5 year recovery period; ASMFC plan under development for state waters.
Spot X         Fluctuating landings not unusual for short-lived species.
Spotted Seatrout X         ASMFC plan developed. Stock status heavily dependent upon environmental conditions.
Striped Bass            
Albemarle-Roanoke X         Viable
Atlantic Ocean X         Viable
Other areas         X No sampling program.
Atlantic Sturgeon       X   ASMFC is responsible for managing this species and considers the stocks to be depleted along the Atlantic coast. Landings have been low since 1960.
Tautog       X   ASMFC coastal assessment based on data through 1995 determined tautog overfished and at low abundance throughout their range.
Weakfish   X       Strongly recovering under ASMFC FMP.
White Perch         X No sampling program.
Shellfish and Crustaceans
  Viable Recovering Concern Overfished Unknown Comments
Hard Clam         X Although landings data exist on clams, more data are required for stock status. North Carolina MFC FMP being developed.
Eastern Oyster       X   Long term decline recently intensified by parasitic mortalities. North Carolina MFC FMP being developed.
Bay Scallop X         Annual Stock. Abundances may be greatly affected by environmental conditions.
Blue Crab     X     North Carolina MFC FMP developed. Effort management strategies being developed by regional stakeholders
Shrimp(C) X         Annual Stock. Abundances may be greatly affected by environmental conditions.
Totals 10 3 6 11 9  
(A) Catfishes includes 5 species, Kingfishes (Sea Mullet) includes 3 species, and there are two species of river herring.
(B)The reef fish group includes about 75 species, while there are more than 40 species of sharks. Within these groups, individual species range from Viable to Overfished. The status indicated is for the group as a whole.
(C)
Shrimp consists of 3 species - brown, pink, and white.
N.C. Division of Marine Fisheries • 3441 Arendell Street • Morehead City, NC 28557 • 252-726-7021 or 800-682-2632

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