Frequently Asked Questions
This page provides answers to frequently asked questions on diverse topics. It includes links to general questions from the state's rock and mineral, mineral production, permits, professional licensing and other information. While some of the questions are answered directly on this page, many links point to other locations on our Internet site, or elsewhere for additional information.
Table of contents
Where can I find out about summer intern positions?
The North Carolina State Government Internship Programs provides a unique combination of learning, working, theory and practice. The programs enable college students to assert initiative and creativity through hands-on involvement and problem solving.
Please refer to these sites for more information on timing, availability and more:
How do I get rocks and minerals identified by North Carolina Geological Survey?
The North Carolina Geological Survey staff will provide rock and mineral identification for samples sent to its offices without charge. Samples should be securely packaged with a brief cover note, including the location from which the rock or mineral sample was collected, requesting this service. The NCGS does not provide assays or chemical analyses. You should provide your complete name, address, e-mail address, and telephone number to facilitate a response. Please contact Dr. Kenneth B. Taylor for more information.
What is the 'state rock'?
The General Assembly of 1979 designated granite as the official State rock. North Carolina is blessed with an abundance of granite. When granite is crushed, it is used as an aggregate for road and building construction. If granite has the right physical properties, it can be cut into blocks and used for monuments, curb stone and stone for building facings. One of the largest open face granite quarries in the world is located in Mount Airy, North Carolina.
What is the 'state mineral'?
The General Assembly of 1973 designated the emerald as the official State precious stone. Emerald is found in North Carolina near Hiddenite in Alexander County and southwest of Spruce Pine in Mitchell County.
What is the state fossil?
Unfortunately, there is no designated State fossil.
Whom do I contact about getting a mining permit?
In order to comply with the Mining Act of 1971, interested parties should contact the NC Division of Energy, Mineral, and Land Resources, Mining Program The address is: Division of Energy, Mineral, and Land Resources, 1612 Mail Service Center, Raleigh, NC 27699-1612. The telephone number is 919.707.9228.
The Mining Act covers all persons or firms involved in any activity or process that:
- results in the breaking of the surface soil in order to remove minerals or removal of minerals, soils and other solid matter from its original location; or,
- involves preparation, washing, cleaning or other treatment of minerals or other solid matter to make them suitable for commercial, industrial or construction use. Such operations can range from large stone quarries to borrow pits.
There are specific exemptions from the Act. Further information is available from the Division of Land Resources'NC Division of Energy, Mineral, and Land Resources, Mining Program.
Where can I find information about Digital Raster Graphics, GIS files, and aerial photographs?
Digital Raster Graphics (DRG's) of 7.5-minute topographic maps, aerial photography tiles, and spatial (GIS) files, for North Carolina can be downloaded fromNCOneMap Several vintages of photography are available for statewide coverage, and higher-resolution County data is also available through this site. Choose the "FTP Data Download" link on the lower left to access their data catalog. GIS files for the 1985 Geologic Map of North Carolina are available on this site.
The North Carolina Geological Survey has an extensive collection of aerial photographs in the NCGS' Archdale office at 512 N. Salisbury Street, Raleigh, NC 27604-1148. The collection isblack and white aerial stereo pair photographs taken in the 1950's and early 1960's of many of North Carolina's counties. These are 9-inch prints, with a nominal scale of 1:20,000.