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Mineral commodity files -- Archdale Office


Introduction

The North Carolina Geological Survey (NCGS) has many older mineral resource commodity files. These literally cover commodities from "A" to "Z".  While these files are by no means comprehensive, they contain a wealth of information. Oftentimes, there is specific information about even individual mines. 

Using your browser, you can "seach" or "find" very specific information from the files listed on this page. For example, you can search for mine or county names, minerals, etc. The Minerals file index table is a good place to start browsing this file; hyperlinks to some ore deposit associations are imbedded in the Minerals file index table and the file listing to make navigation easier. The files themselves are paper. The phosphate files are extensive and cover a large number of topics; these have a subindex linked through the phosphate file list.

These files are in the NCGS' main offices located in the Archdale Building, 5th Floor at 512 North Salisbury Street, Raleigh, NC 27604-1148. The telephone number is (919) 707-9210.

Files are open for public access during regular business hours. Page size copies can be made on site at a nominal page charge of $0.10.  Appointments are highly recommended (see Further Information for details). Refer also to reports of special investigations on mineral processing by the Minerals Research Laboratory.

Minerals file index table

This table is an index to the minerals commodity files. Click on the commodity for a file content listing. The left column lists the commodity; the right column lists the file number.

Commodity

File number - Archdale Building, Raleigh

Abrasives (Garnet, Staurolite) No file; refer to indicated commodities
Aggregates, heavy 27-1
Aggregates, lightweight and ultralightweight 27-2
Allanite 27-3
Aluminum, gibbsite 27-4
Andalusite 27-5
Antimony 27-6
Asbestos 27-7
Barite 27-8
Bauxite 27-9
Bentonite 27-10
Beryl 27-11
Bismuth 27-12
Borates 27-13
Bromine 27-14
Brucite 27-15
Building brick and tile material 27-16
Cadmium 27-17
Calcite, optical 27-18
Calcium 27-19
Cements and cementing materials 27-20
Chromite 27-21
Clays 27-22
Coal 27-23
Cobalt 27-24
Columbium 27-25
Copper 27-26
Corundum 27-27
Diamonds, industrial 27-28
Diaspore 27-29
Diatomite 27-30
Dolomite 27-31
Emerald (see Beryl and other gems) 27-32
Emery, natural 27-33
Epsomite 37-34
Feldspar 27-35
Flagstone (see also Stone) 27-36
Fluorspar and cryolite 27-37
Fullers earth 27-38
Gallium 27-39
Garnet 27-40
Gems 27-41
Geodes 27-42
Germanium 27-43
Gibbsite (see Aluminum) 27-44
Gold 27-45
Granite (see Stone) 27-46
Graphite 27-47
Gypsum and Anhydrite 27-48
Ilmenite 27-49
Indium 27-50
Insulating materials 27-51
Iodine 27-52
Iron 27-53
Kaolin (see Clays) 27-54
Kyanite 27-55
Lead 27-56
Limestone 27-57
Lithium 27-58
Magnesite 27-59
Manganese 27-60
Marble (see Stone) 27-61
Mica (see also separate mica file and Open-file report 92-2 by Sigrid Ballew 27-62
Molybdenum 27-63
Monazite 27-64
Nickel 27-65
Novaculite 27-66
Olivine 27-67
Pegmatites (see also Lithium) 27-68
Peridotite (dunite) (see also olivine) 27-69
Phosphate 27-70
Platinum group 27-71
Pyrites 27-72
Pyrophyllite 27-73
Quartz, crystals 27-74
Quartzite (see Quartz, crystals) 27-75
Refactory materials 27-76
Rutile 27-77
Scheelite (see Tungsten) 27-78
Selenium 27-79
Sericite (see also Mica) 27-80
Silica, sands 27-81
Silicon 27-82
Silver 27-83
Slate (see Stone) 27-84
Soapstone (see also Tungsten and Scheelite) 27-85
Spinel 27-86
Spodumene 27-87
Sillimenite 27-88
Staurolite 27-89
Stone, dimension, rough (see also Aggregates, heavy and Aggregates, lightweight and ultralightweight) 27-90
Sulphur 27-91
Talc (see also Scheelite and Soapstone) 27-92
Tellurium 27-93
Thallium 27-94
Thorium 27-95
Tin 27-96
Titanium 27-97
Topaz 27-98
Tourmaline 27-99
Tripoli 27-100
Tungsten (see also Scheelite) 27-101
Uranium 27-102
Vanadium 27-103
Vermiculite 27-104
Wollastonite 27-105
Zinc 27-106
Zirconium 27-107

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For further information

For further information about these files contact Jeff Reid, North Carolina Geological Survey, 1612 Mail Service Center, Raleigh, NC 26799-1612. The telephone number is (919) 707-9210. His e-mail is Jeff.Reid@ncdenr.gov

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Commodity file listing

 

27 – 1 Aggregates, heavy

  •             Correspondence
  •             North Carolina Aggregates Association Directory
  •             Quality of Coarse Aggregate from Approved Sources as of _______. N. C. Division of Highways, N. C. Department of Transportation.

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27 – 2 Aggregates, lightweight and ultra-lightweight

  •             Correspondence
  •             Analyses (Slate, Shale)
  •             General Information
  •             Photographs
  •             Documents:
    • Geologic and Petrographic Report on the New Bern Quarry of the Nello L. Teer Company by E. P. Allen 1955
    • Petrographic and Physical Test Report on the Stone From the Ore Knob Mine by E. P. Allen 1958
    • Petrographic and Physical Test Report on the Causby Quarry at Morganton, North Carolina, by E. P. Allen 1958
    • Field Guide for Reclamation Planning and Pollution Control on Small Sand and Gravel Mining Operations, BM, Hittman Associates 1979
    • Occurrence and Physical Properties of North Carolina Marble by Jasper L. Stukey and James Fontaine, NCSC-EES, B5
    • Preparation of Light Weight Aggregates by Heap Roasting by M. K. Banks and L. L. McMurray 1946
    • Preliminary Report on Manufacture of Light Weight Aggregates by Milton M. Croom and Sam D. Broadhurst 1949
    • Perlite and Other Volcanic Glass Occurrences in Washington by Marshall T. Huntting 1949
    • Sintering of Shales from Knoxville Area to Produce Lightweight Aggregate for Concrete by E. L. Stout and W. C. Scott 1949 Preliminary Report on Coated Lightweight Concrete Aggregate from Canadian Clays and Shales by H. S. Wilson 1954

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27 – 3 Allanite

  • Correspondence

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27 – 4 Aluminum, Gibbsite

  • Correspondence
  • Analyses
  • General Information
  • Locations
  • North Carolina Gibbsite Clippings
  • North Carolina Gibbsite Ore Processing
  • North Carolina Gibbsite: Proposal: Gibbsite in Western North Carolina 1973

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27 – 5 Andalusite (see also Gold, Copper, Lead, Zinc)

  • General Information
  • Andalusite in the Volcanic Slate Belt by Sam D. Broadhurst 1953

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27 – 6 Antimony

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27 – 7 Asbestos

  • Analyses
  • Correspondence
  • General Information
  • General Information – Pollution
  • North Carolina Pollution – EPA
  • North Carolina Locations
  • Asbestos Localities in North Carolina by Jasper L. Stuckey 1941
  • Documents
  • Reference:
  • Airborne Asbestos Fiber Concentrations in Asbestos Mines and Mills in the United States by L. A. Shutz, et al 1973

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27 – 8 Barite

  • Correspondence
  • General Information
  • Barite – North Carolina
  • Documents:
    • Report on Barite in the Vicinity of Stackhouse, Madison County, North Carolina by C. E. Hunter 1949
    • Del Rio and Stackhouse Barite: Cooke County, Tennessee, and Madison County, North Carolina by Laurence A. Dahners c. 1945
    • Geology and Preliminary Ore Dressing Studies of the Carolina Barite Belt by E. C. Van Horn, J. R. LeGrand and L. L. McMurray 1949
    • Summary of the Barite Deposits of the Hot Springs Area, Madison County, North Carolina by Steven S. Oriel

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27 – 9 Bauxite

  • Analyses

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27 – 10 Bentonite

  • Document:
    • Ordovician Bentonites in Tennessee and Adjacent States by P. P. Fox and L. F. Grant 1944

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27 – 11 Beryl (see also Emerald, Gems)

  • Correspondence
  • Document:
    • Pegmatite Mining and Sampling: Beryl, Gaston County, North Carolina, Project 1018, by A. L. Peyton

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27 – 12 Bismuth

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27 – 13 Borates

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27 – 14 Bromine

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27 – 15 Brucite

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27 – 16 Building brick and tile material (see also Clays)

  • Correspondence
  • North Carolina General Information
  • Documents:
    • Shales of North Carolina by Jasper L. Stuckey 1925
    • The Suitability of North Carolina Shales and Clays for Mortar Mixes by A. F. Greaves-Walker and W. A. Lambertson 1942
    • Recent Developments in the Building Brick Industry of the Southeastern United States by William C. Bell 1954
    • Large Lightweight Structural Clay Building Units by W. C. Bell and D. H. McGinnis 1951

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27 – 17 Cadmium (see also Zinc)

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27 – 18 Calcite, optical

  • Correspondence

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27 – 19 Calcium

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27 – 20 Cements and cementing materials

  • Photographs

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27 – 21 Chromite (see also olivine, peridotites)

  • Analyses
  • Correspondence
  • Chromite – North Carolina Locations
  • Webster and Democrat Locations
  • Photos
  • Price Creek Property
  • Documents:
    • The Occurrence of Chrome and Nickel Ores at the Democrat Mine (Buncombe) by Alfred C. Garde 1940
    • Report on the Magnetic Survey of the Webster and Democrat Mines, North Carolina, Chromite Areas by Gerald R. MacCarthy 1941
    • Horizontal Control – Democrat Chromite Investigation by T. G. Murdock 1941
    • ron, Chromite, and Nickel Resources of the Tennessee Valley Region by Edwin C. Eckel, et al 1938
    • Geophysical Investigation of Podiform (Chromite Deposits) Associated with Ultramafic Bodies in the Eastern Piedmont Region by I. J. Won, C. J. Leith and E. G. Droessler 1977

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27 – 22 Clays (see Building Brick and Tile material)

  • Analyses
  • General Information
  • Clays – North Carolina
  • Clays – Photographs
  • Clays – Brick Photos
  • Kaolin Correspondence
  • Halloysite Correspondence
  • U. S. Bureau of Mines Clay Project Coastal Plain 1976
  • U. S. Bureau of Mines Clay Project Western North Carolina
  • Clay, Rowan County, North Carolina
  • Clay, Union County, North Carolina
  • Clay, Rockingham County, North Carolina
  • Documents:
  • Clay – References
    • The Development of Light-weight Structural Clay Products by W. C. Bell 1948
    • White Clays from the Volcanic Slate Belt: Sample Record by S. D. Broadhurst 1950
    • Clay Resources of the Tennessee Valley Region by Edwin C. Eckel, et al 1936
    • Ceramics – Ancient Products Now Made by Modern Processes – Form Bases of Prospectively Large Industries in North Carolina. The ESC Quarterly 1947
    • Investigation of a Tile-Beam Floor System by C. E. Feltner 1948
    • Sources of Clays for Manufacturing Stoneware by Benjamin Gildersleeve 1949
    • The Origin, Mineralogy and Distribution of the Refractory Clays of the United States by A. F. Greaves-Walker 1939
    • The Suitability of North Carolina Shales and Clays for Mortar Mixes by A. F. Greaves-Walker and W. A. Lambertson 1942
    • An Investigation of Buff- and White-Firing Clays of North Carolina by John R. Hart 1951
    • Residual Alaskite Kaolin Deposits of North Carolina by C. E. Hunter 1940
    • Establishing Vegetative Cover on Kaolin Clay Mining Spoil by Jack T. May 1973
    • Proceedings of Structural Clay Products Conference at North Carolina State College 1951
    • Kaolins of the Southeastern U. S. by J. M. Smith and H. H. Murray 1972
    • Kaolins of North Carolina by J. L. Stuckey 1947
    • Quartz Crystals with Clay and Fluid Inclusions by Stephen Taber 1950
    • Minerals for frits and glazes – value in variety by Ian Watson 1981

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27 – 23 Coal

  • References
  • General Information
  • Photographs
  • Documents:
    • Designating Areas Unsuitable for Surface Coal Mining: A Preliminary Interpretation of Section 522 of Public Law 95-87 by David Sheridan 1978
    • Available Bituminous Coal Reserves by Sulfur Content, Appalachian Region by S. A. Friedman 1968

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27 – 24 Cobalt

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27 – 25 Columbium

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27 – 26 Copper (see also Zinc, Lead, Gold, Kyanite, Andalusite)

  • General Information
  • Correspondence
  • North Carolina Locations
  • North Carolina, Orange County – Texas Gulf Controversy 1967
  • North Carolina Mines:
    • Adams Mine, Swain County
    • Alamance Mine, Alamance County
    • Clegg Mine, Lee County
    • Cline Mine, Cabarrus County
    • Conrad Hill Mine, Davidson County
    • Cullowhee Copper Mine, Jackson County
    • Elk Knob, Watauga County
    • Fontana Mine, Swain County
    • Fontana Mineral Claims (maps) TVA
    • Hazel (Eagle) Creek Mine, Swain County
    • Lichentenstein Prospect, Ashe County TVA Report 1967
    • Montvale Lumber Company vs. Fontana Mining Company, Swain County 1930
    • Copper, Union County, North Carolina
    • North Carolina Copper Company, Guilford
    • Ore Knob, Ashe County
    • Peach Bottom Mine
    • Phillips Property, Chatham County
    • Redmond Mine, Haywood County
    • Tennessee Copper Company
    • Tom Jones Deposit, Transylvania County
    • Union Copper Mine, War Minerals Report, 1942

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27 – 27 Corundum

  • Correspondence
  • General Information
  • References
    • Corundum Hill Mine, Macon County, Corundum Hill Mine (map)

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27 – 28 Diamonds, industrial

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27 – 29 Diaspore

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27 – 30 Diatomite

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27 – 31 Dolomite

  • Analyses
  • Correspondence
  • North Carolina locations:
  • Woodlawn Quarry
  • Turkey Cove
  • McDowell County
  • References
  • Bandana Dolomite

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27 – 32 Emerald see Beryl (27 – 11) and Gems (27 – 41)

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27 – 33 Emery, natural

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37 – 34 Epsomite

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27 – 35 Feldspar (see also Pegmatites)

  • General Information
  • Photographs
  • Processing – Flotation
  • Documents
    • Feldspar Tailings Utilization: Final Report (1969) by Edwin H. Bentzen, III
    • North Carolina Feldspar Flotation and Solutions to Waste Disposal Problems, by I. H. Redeker, 1970 AIME Meeting
    • On Potassic Feldspars from Pegmatites of the U.S.A., by B. M. Shmakin, 1997

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27 – 36 Flagstone see Stone (27 – 90)

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27 – 37 Fluorspar and Cryolite

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27 – 38 Fullers earth

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27 – 39 Gallium

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27 – 40 Garnet (see also Abrasives)

  • General Correspondence
  • Documents:
    • Paragenesis of the Rhodolite Deposit, Masons Mountain, North Carolina, by E. Wm. Heinrich, 1950
    • Notes on Some Minerals from the Rhodolite Quarry Near Franklin, North Carolina, by E. P. Henderson 1931

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27 – 41 Gems (see also Emerald and Beryl)

  • General Information
  • Diamonds
  • Emeralds
  • Clippings
  • Photographs
  • North Carolina Locations
  • Documents:
    • “Green Bolts” are found again near Hiddenite, North Carolina, by F. W. (Bud) Trapp, 1970
    • The Rubies of Cowee Valley, Franklin, North Carolina, by Lou Harshaw 1973
    • The Ruby Mines of Franklin by Wally Kennicutt 1981
    • Gem and Mineral Localities of Southeastern United States by Leon D. Willman 1963

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27 – 42 Geodes

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27 – 43 Germanium

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27 – 44 Gibbsite see Aluminum (27 – 4)

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27 – 45 Gold (see also Copper, Lead, Zinc, Kyanite, Andalusite)

  • Analyses
  • Assays
  • California
  • Correspondence
  • General Information
  • Gold and Silver Buyers
  • Maps
  • North Carolina Clippings
  • North Carolina Mines:
    • Alred Mine, Randolph County
    • Baker Mine, Caldwell County
    • Bechtler Mine, Rutherford County
    • Capps Mine, Mecklenburg County
    • Conrad Hill Mine
    • Cotton Patch Mine, Stanly County
    • Dixon Mine, Yadkin County
    • Flowe Property, Union County
    • Gold Hill Mine, Rowan County
    • Golconda Mine, Montgomery County
    • Gross Gold Mine, Yadkin County
    • Guilford County Mine
    • Harold Cartner Mine, Rowan County
    • Howie Gold Mine, Union County
    • McDowell County
    • Mills Property, Burke County
    • Muster Field Hill, Watauga County
    • Parker Mine, Stanly County
    • Phoenix Mine, Cabarrus County
    • Portis Mine, Franklin County
    • Redmon Prospect (Fines Creek) Haywood County
    • Reed Gold Mine, Cabarrus County
    • Rhodes Gold Mine, Gaston County
    • Robeson Gold Mine, Orange County
    • Rudisill Mine, Mecklenburg County
    • St. Catherine Mine, Mecklenburg County
    • Star Mine, Montgomery County
    • Steel Mine, Montgomery County
    • Silver Hill Mine, Davidson County
    • Smith Property, Mt. Holly, Gaston County
    • Smith-Welborn Mine, Davidson County
    • Tate Mine, Catawba County
    • Thompson Gold Mine, Stanly County
  • Photographs
  • North Carolina Locations
  • Documents:
    • Gold Crystals from the Southern Appalachians by Stephen Taber 1948
    • Preliminary Report on Gold Deposits In North Carolina and South Carolina by J. T. Pardee 1935
    • Gold Mining: A Forgotten Industry of Antebellum North Carolina by F. M. Green 1937
    • Remarks on the Gold Mines of North Carolina by Charles E. Rothe 1828
    • How to Mine and Prospect for Placer Gold by J. M. West
  • References
  • South Carolina: Haile Mine

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27 – 46 Granite see Stone (27-90), Aggregate,heavy

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27 – 47 Graphite

  • Correspondence
  • Lead Mine, Wake County

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27 – 48 Gypsum and Anhydrite

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27 – 49 Ilmenite (see also Titanium)

  • Analyses
  • Correspondence
  • North Carolina Locations:
  • Shooting Creek, Clay County
  • Yadkin Valley, Caldwell County

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27 – 50 Indium

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27 – 51 Insulating materials

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27 – 52 Iodine

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27 – 53 Iron

  • Analysis – Drill Hole Samples
  • Correspondence
  • Sponge Iron
  • H. A. Brassert Company
  • Correspondence
  • Brassert (Lincoln and Catawba counties)
  • Brassert (Ashe County)
  • Iron and Coal Location Maps of the Southeast
  • Legal
  • North Carolina Mines:
    • Cranberry Mine Historical, Avery County Maps and Drawings
  • Guilford County
  • U. S. Bureau of Mines
  • USBM Project 948, Cranberry Mine (Avery) Magnetometer Survey
  • USBM 948, Cranberry Mine (Avery) Daily Drill Records
  • USBM 950, Magnetite, Big Ore Bank (Lincoln)
  • USBM Project 978, Murphy Brown Iron Ore (Cherokee)
  • References
  • Documents:
    • Special Report of Dr. E. Emmons Concerning the Advantages of the Valley of the Deep River by Ebenezer Emmons1857. Document located in Archives Cabinet
    • Report on Explorations for Iron Ore in North Carolina; Part I, Lincoln and Catawba Counties; Part II, Cranberry Mine in Avery County; Part III, Cherokee County, H. A. Brassert Company 1943
    • Report on Iron Ore and Olivine Deposits of the State of North Carolina Suitable for Industrial Development and the Possibilities of Establishing Industries Within the State Using These Raw Materials 1943, H. A. Brassert Company
    • Brassert Report, 1943
  • Iron: North Carolina Locations
    • A Magnetite-Marble Ore at Lansing, N. C. by W. S. Bayley 1922
    • Iron-Making - A Forgotten Industry of North Carolina by L. J. Cappon 1932
    • Summary of Steel Project by M. M. Croom 1950 (?)
    • Development, Mining, and Handling of Ore in Folded and Faulted Areas, Red Iron
    • Ore Mines Birmingham District, Alabama by W. R. Crane 1927
    • Red Iron Ores and Ferruginous Sandstones of the Clinton Formation in the Birmingham District, Alabama by W. R. Crane 1926
    • Preliminary Report on the Magnetic Iron Ores of Western North Carolina and Eastern Tennessee by S. S. Goldich and H. Wedow, Jr. 1943
    • Nodular Cast Iron by L. J. Huetter and H. H. Stadelmaier 1959
    • Cranberry Magnetite Deposits, Avery County, North Carolina and Carter County, Tennessee, by M. H. Kline and T. J. Ballard 1948 (?)
    • A Collection of Occasional Surveys of Iron, Coal and Oil Districts in the United States by J. P. Lesley 1874
    • The Manufacture of Sponge Iron by C. F. Ramseyer
    • Economic Appraisal of the Siliceous Magnetite of Ashe County, North Carolina by H. S. Rankin and L. L. McMurray 1943
    • Primitive Characteristics of the Southern Iron Industry from History of the Manufacture of Iron In All Ages by J. M. Swank 1891
    • Magnetic Iron Ores of North Carolina by W. A. White
    • Deposits of Brown Iron Ores in Western North Carolina by W. A. White

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27 – 54 Kaolin See Clays (27 – 22)

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27 – 55 Kyanite (see also Gold, Copper, Lead, Zinc, Andalusite)

  • Correspondence
  • General Information
  • Locations:
  • Crowders Mountain State Park, Gaston County
  • Kings Mountain
  • Yancey County
  • Documents:
    • Geologic Maps of Some Kyanite Deposits in Virginia and North Carolina and South Carolina by G. H. Espenshade and D. B. Potter
    • Survey Report on Evaluation of Stockpile Materials for Use in Mullite Refractories by R. Rose and C. G. Harman 1950
    • Kyanite Group of Minerals by G. H. Espenshade and N. A. Eilertsen 1959

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27 – 56 Lead (see also Zinc, Copper, Gold, Kyanite, Andalusite)

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27 – 57 Limestone

  • Analyses
  • Correspondence
  • General Information
  • North Carolina Locations:
    • Fletcher – Brevard
    • Hot Springs (Madison County)
    • Yadkin Valley
  • U. S. Bureau of Mines Limestone Project 1978
  • Documents:
    • Limestone in Northern Alabama by Benjamin Gildersleeve 1947

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27 – 58 Lithium (see also Spodumene, Pegmatites)

  • Analyses
  • Footeprints, Foote Mineral Company
  • General Information
  • North Carolina Locations: Kings Mountain
  • Photographs
  • References
  • Spodumene
  • Documents:
    • Spodumene – Major Source of Lithium by J. S. Browning 1958
    • Flotation of Fine Ball Mill Ground Spodumene from North Carolina Ores by I. H. Redeker 1975
    • A Symposium of United States Lithium Resources and Requirements by the Year 2000, 1/22-24/76, Lakewood, Colorado

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27 – 59 Magnesite

  • Magnesium – North Carolina
  • Document:
    • Problems in Developing a Magnesium Research Project into Commercial Production by H. H. Langdon and A. S. Leonard 1943

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27 – 60 Manganese

  • Analyses
  • Correspondence
  • North Carolina Locations:
    • North Cove Mine, McDowell County
  • Sevier Mine, McDowell County
  • U. S. Bureau of Mines Zebulon or Privett, Project 371, Wake County
  • U. S. Bureau of Mines Summary Report of Ward Minerals Examination – Freeman Mine, Surry County
  • References
  • Documents:
    • Manganese in North Carolina: A Preliminary Report by T. G. Murdock 1941
    • The Manganese Minerals of a Vein Near Bald Knob, North Carolina by C. S. Ross and P. F. Kerr 1932
    • Manganese Ores of the Southern States by G. W. Stose 1920
    • The Piedmont Manganese Belt: Taliaferro, Wilkes, and Lincoln Counties, Georgia, W. M. R. 1944
    • Concentrations of Manganese-Bearing Ore From the Freeman Property, Surry County, North Carolina by U. S. Bureau of Mines 1942
    • Manganese Deposits in North Carolina by W. A. White 1944

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27 – 61 Marble See Stone (27 – 90)

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27 – 62 Mica See also separate Mica file. Refer also to Open-file report 92-2, "Mica," by Sigrid Ballew)

  • Analyses
  • Correspondence
  • Correspondence – Colonial Mica Corporation
  • General Information
  • General Information – Health Effects
  • General Information – Processing
  • Mica – North Carolina
  • Mica – North Carolina Producers
  • North Carolina Mines and Locations:
    • List of Mines (see Mica List detailing World War II effort to develop mica resources)
    • Bradley Scrap Mine, Macon County
    • Caswell County
    • Cattail Mine, Yancey County
    • Ferguson Mine, Jackson County
    • Fred Arnold Reclaiming Plant, Franklin, N. C.
    • Hemlock Project, Spruce Pine, Mitchell County
    • Hawkins Mine, Stokes County
    • Hendricks Scrap Mine, Lincoln County
    • James Mica Mine, Yancey County
    • Kings Mountain
    • Knight Mica Mine, Rockingham County
    • Leone Young Property, Macon County
    • Little Ridge Mine, Jackson County
    • Rubin Mines, Jackson and Macon Counties
    • Shelby District, Cleveland County
    • State Prison Camp 1009, Franklin, N. C.
    • Sylva-Franklin District
    • Tolley Bent Mica Mine, Yancey County
    • Westall Mica Mine, Yancey County
  • Georgia location – Hartwell Mica District
  • Photographs
  • Scrap
  • Wartime Mica Production
  • Documents
  • References
    • A New Method for Recovery of Flake Mica from Washing Plant Tailings by Ralph Adair, W. T. McDaniel and W. R. Hudspeth 1949
    • Structural and Economic Characteristics of New England Mica Deposits by E. N. Cameron, D. M. Larrabee, et al 1944
    • The Occurrence of Commercial Muscovite in Pegmatites by F. W. Hinrichs 1941
    • Some Alaskites and Pegmatites of the Asheville Area by R. S. Ingle 1947
    • Physical Properties of Sheet Muscovite in the Southeastern United States by R. H. Johns 1947
    • Strategic Mica in North Carolina 1949
    • Tests of Southeastern Muscovite by F. W. Lancaster 1945
    • Beneficiation and Geologic Evaluation of North Carolina Mica Schist by R. M. Lewis, J. L. Bundy and L. S. Wiener 1971
    • Handbook on Fabricated Natural Mica: Mica Fabricators Association 1949
    • An Analysis of Scrap Mica Production of North Carolina by T. G. Murdock 1947
    • Evaluation of Mica Bearing Silt from Davy Crockett Reservoir by W. G. Wells, P. N. Sales, and M. K. Banks 1954
    • Sheet Mica Mines: Consultant Report for Mica Corporation of America by E. M. Shipp 1942
    • Scrap Mica Resources and Possibilities of Macon County, North Carolina by J. L. Stuckey 1944
    • Mica: War Changes in Industry Series, Report No. 21, U. S. Tariff Commission 1947
    • The Mica Industry, Report No. 130 1938
    • Mica Mining Industry in North Carolina, Reports and Analysis Division Uses for North Carolina, 1943

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27 – 63 Molybdenum (see also Tungsten and Scheelite)

  • Correspondence
  • General Information
  • Photographs
  • Documents:
    • Preliminary Examination of the Boy Scout-Jones, Moss-Richardson Molybdenum Property, Halifax County, North Carolina by W. R. Hahman and I. T. Kiff 1965
    • Fluid Inclusion Analysis of Mineralized and Barren Quartz from the Boy Scout-Jones, Mo-Cu Deposit, Halifax County, North Carolina by J. A. Powers 1986
    • Ellis Drilling Project, Perry, Knox, Kaudman, Inc., 1972
    • Medoc Mountain Mining Operation

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27 – 64 Monazite

  • Correspondence
  • General Information
  • Documents
  • References:
    • Monazite Deposits of the Southeastern Atlantic States by J. B. Mertie, Jr., 1953
    • Monazite Gravels of the Carolinas Analyses and Concentration Tests by J. W. Lefforge and J. F. Haseman 1944
    • Possible Age of Monazite from Mars Hill, North Carolina by J. P. Marble, 1936
    • The Monazite Deposits of the Carolinas by W. T. McDaniel 1943

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27 – 65 Nickel (see also olivine; Peridotite, dunite)

  • Correspondence
  • Document:
    • Nickel in North Carolina by G. W. Pawel 1939

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27 – 66  Novaculite

  • Correspondence

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27 – 67  Olivine (see also Peridotite, dunite)

  • Correspondence
  • General Information
  • Olivine in North Carolina
  • Photographs
  • Olivine in Stanly County
  • Olivine – North Carolina – Alex Labounsky – Clay County Area Redevelopment Act Proposal 1962-63
  • Documents
  • References
    • The Production of Unfired and Fired Forsterite Refractories from North Carolina Dunites by A. F. Greaves-Walker and R. L. Stone 1938
    • Potential Special Uses of Olivine by J. L. Stuckey 1945
    • The Extraction of Magnesium from Olivine: Report of the Special Committee Appointed by President Gordon Gray 1953
    • Beneficiation of Olivine by Means of a Humphreys Spiral by M. K. Banks 1955
    • Beneficiation of Olivine for Foundry Sand by Calcining by I. H. Redeker 1972
    • Comparison of Olivine Beneficiation Techniques by R. M. Lewis 1972
    • Radiometric and Magnetic Surveys of the Dark Ridge Dunite, Jackson County, North Carolina by M. H. Schiering, et al 1982
    • Environmental Assessment Buck Creek Olivine Deposit Nantahala National Forest, North Carolina, USDA Forest Service 1981

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27 – 68 Pegmatites See also Lithium (27 – 58); Spodumene

  • References
    • McKinney Mine, North Carolina
    • Exploration of the Kings Mountain Pegmatites by T. L. Kesler 1961

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27 – 69 Peridotite (Dunite) (see also Olivine; Chromite; Nickel)

  • Petrology of the Moores Knob and Corundum Hill Ultramafites by S. P. Yorkovich 1975

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27 – 70 Phosphate Texas Gulf Brochures on Phosphate; Phosphates – North Carolina; USGS Phosphate Research 1981; Phosphate – Other States; Phosphate – Florida; Phosphate – United States; Phosphate – Australia; Phosphate – World Resources (Note: contain information on carbonatites -- see also diamonds)

  • Analyses
  • Bibliographies
  • Bibliography and Index of Geology, Vol. 47, No. 12
  • Bulletin #87, 1982
  • Chemical Geology, 37 (1982)
  • Economic Geology, Vol. 64, No. 4
  • Mineral Processing Handbook, AIME 9/10/75
  • Phosphate
  • U. S. Bureau of Mines
  • U. S. Geological Survey Water Resources Division 11/5/63
  • Correspondence (seven Pendaflex files)
  • FMC
  • General Information
  • J. L. Stuckey
  • Newspaper clippings, articles, miscellaneous publications
  • Phosphate Lease Proposals
  • Texas Gulf
  • Texas Gulf Option-to-Lease 1965
  • Texas Gulf Lease Correspondence
  • Phosphate Product Figures & Mining Equipment
  • Photographs
  • Phosphate Companies in North Carolina
  • Agrico
  • The Williams Companies
  • Annual Reports – the Williams Companies
  • International Minerals & Chemical Corporation
  • Marine Mining Corporation
  • General
  • Proposed Lines for Sparker Survey
  • North Carolina Phosphate Corporation
  • General
  • Reports
  • “Preliminary Mining Plans” 10/23/74
  • “Preliminary Water Control Systems for South Creek Mine” 10/14/74
  • “Proposed Environmental Assessment Program” 11/74
  • Texas Gulf, Inc.
  • Correspondence
  • General Information
  • Lease Agreements
  • Maps, Flow Charts, Geologic Section
  • Newspaper Clippings
  • Photographs
  • Texas Gulf – Annual Reports
  • Texas Gulf – Articles, Reports
    • Aurora, Alternative Growth Patterns, Technical Report Two: Background Data prepared by students in The School of Design at North Carolina State University, c. 1975
    • Control of Artesian Ground Water in Strip Mining Phosphate Ores – Eastern North Carolina by J. M. Hird, presented at AIME Meeting 1970
    • Economic Benefits to the North Carolina Phosphate Industry of the Proposed Pamlico-Tar River Channel, presented by Texas Gulf at U. S. Army Corps of Engineers Hearing 2/19/65
    • Evaluation of the Beaufort County Groundwater Conditions Related to Phosphate Mining as of April, 1970, prepared for Texas Gulf Sulphur Company, April, 1970 by Leggette, Brashears & Graham
    • North Carolina Phosphate Concentration: Texas Gulf Sulphur Co. Project by I. H. Redeker, SME, Transactions, Vol. 250, (3/71), also NCSU Engineering School Bulletin 83 (1966)
    • The Texas Gulf Story of Phosphate Mining and the Water Issue, Bill Armstrong, N. C. Citizens Assoc. Vol. XXVII, No. 3, (3/69)
    • Texas Gulf’s Big Push in Super Acid reprinted from Farm Chemicals (11/71)
    • Texas Gulf Sulphur Beneficiation of North Carolina Phosphate by T. J. Wright, 1971, AIME presentation
    • Texas Gulf – Six Years Later, Part I by C. H. Green, Wildlife in North Carolina (9/73)
    • The Story of Texas Gulf by C. F. Fogarty – an address delivered at a National Meeting of the Newcomen Society in North Carolina (1975)

Texas Gulf Brochures on Phosphate

  • Publications and Documents:
  • Mineral Industry Surveys
  • “Phosphate Rock 1991 Crop Year”, USBM, 10/1991
  • Phosphates – General
  • Tectonic Model of Phosphate Genesis in Fertilizer
  • Mineral Potential in Asia and the Pacific by S. R. Riggs, 1980, East-West Resource Systems Institute Publication
  • The Genesis and Occurrence of Tertiary Phosphorites in the Southeastern United States by M. E. Zellers, 1978, presented at SME-AIME Fall Meeting, 9/78.
  • Physical and Chemical Factors in the Formation of Marine Apatite by R. A. Gulbrandsen, 1969, Economic Geology Vol. 64, No. 4.

Phosphates – North Carolina

  • High Capacity System for Bulk Materials Handling by Paul Soros, 1969, Minerals Processing
  • Company Production and Potentials of Phosphate, Lime, Aggregate or Other Items From the North Carolina Deposits by L. J. Miller, 1965, presentation at Chemicals in Carolina Meeting, 5/65
  • Overview of Proposed FMC Phosphate Operation, Beaufort County, North Carolina, prepared for FMC Corporation by Bechtel Environmental Services Department, 1975.
  • North Carolina State Stream Sanitation Committee Public Hearing Relating to Application Filed by the Texas Gulf Sulphur Company Requesting the Suspension of the Classification Assigned to Lee Creek and its Tributaries (Report) July 1963.
  • Phosphate Rock and Phosphorus by C. C. Schnatterbeck, c. 1904(?)
  • Subsurface Geology of North Carolina-South Carolina Coastal Plain from Seismic Data, W. E. Bonini and G. P. Woollard, Bulletin of AAPG, Vol. 44, No. 3 (3/60)
  • Summary of Conclusions of Report on Hydrogeology and Effects of Pumping from Castle Hayne Aquifer System Beaufort County, North Carolina, prepared by N. C. Groundwater Division, et al (9/71)
  • An Evaluation of the Effects of Proposed Phosphate Operations Upon the Waters of Pamlico and Pungo Rivers in North Carolina by E. C. Hubbard and W. R. Clary, N. C. Department of Water Resources (7/62)
  • Potential Effects of Withdrawals from the Castle Hayne Aquifer for Expanded Phosphate Mining in Beaufort County, North Carolina by H. M. Peek and P. M. Nelson, N. C. Department of Natural and Economic Resources (9/75)
  • Structural and Stratigraphic Relation Near Brunswick and New Hanover Counties, North Carolina, Preliminary Report by H. W. Straley, III
  • Possible Recovery of Heavy Minerals From Phosphate Tailings, by R. M. Lewis, 1978, NCSU Minerals Research Laboratory, presented at AIME Meeting, 2/10/78
  • Recovert of Heavy Minerals from North Carolina Phosphate Tailings, by R.M. Lewis, Report No. MRL-4 (2/74)
  • USGS Report Gives Boost to Mining Plans in North Carolina’s Phosphate Fields, by Billy Barnes, Engineering & Mining Journal, Vol. 165, No. 3 (3/64)
  • Industrial Phosphate Chemicals: Their Adaptability for Manufacture in North Carolina by J. A. Macon, C. J. Travis and L. E. Gates, 1964, NCSU Industrial Extension Service
  • Phosphates Eastern North Carolina, by J. F. Seely, 1968, NCSU Industrial Extension Service (8/68)
  • Texas Gulf’s New Phosphate Mine Mill and Fertilizer Materials Complex at Lee Creek, North Carolina, by W. E. Trauffer, Pit and Quarry Vol. 61, No. 7 (1/69)
  • State of the Phosphate Fertilizer Industry, Report #3, by John Sprague (1973)
  • The Origin of Sedimentary Phosphate Deposits, Abstract by L. J. Miller, Society of Economic Geologists
  • Nature and Origin of Deposits of Phosphate of Lime, by R. A. F. Penrose, Jr.

USGS Phosphate Research 1981

  • Phosphate Rock by T. A. Blue, Chemical Economics Handbook, 12/67
  • Phosphate Rock by W. F. Stowasser, USBM Minerals Yearbook, 1972
  • Phosphate Rock by W. F. Stowasser, USBM Minerals Yearbook, 1977
  • Geology of U. S. Phosphate Deposits by T. M. Gurr, Mining Engineering, 6/79
  • Phosphate Deposits by J. B. Cathcart and R. A. Gulbrandsen, USGS Professional Paper 820
  • History of Phosphate Exploration, J. L. Stuckey, 1965
  • Episodicity of Phosphate Deposition and Deep Ocean Circulation – A Hypothesis by R. P. Sheldon, SEPM Special Publication No. 29, 11/80
  • Ancient Marine Phosphorites, by R. P. Sheldon, Ann. Rev. Earth Planet Science 1981
  • Marine Phosphorite Deposits and the Nitrogen Cycle by D. Z. Piper and L. A. Codispoti, Science, Vol. 188, No. 4183, April 1975
  • Precipitation of Phosphates in Sea Water, by Duncan McConnell, Economic Geology, Vol. 60, 1965
  • Phosphorites – The Unsolved Problems by Y. K. Bentor, SEPM Special Publication 29, 1980
  • Composition and Origin of Phosphorite Deposits of the Blake Plateau by F. T. Manheim, R. M. Pratt, and P. F. McFarlin, SEPM Special Publication No. 29, November, 1980
  • The Phosphate Industry in the Southeastern United States and its Relationship to World Mineral Fertilizer Demand by J. W. Sweeney and R. N. Hasslacher, USBM Information Circular 8459
  • Overburden Stripping – Combination Use of Dredge and Dragline by J. M. Hird, Mining Engineering (3/80)
  • Micropaleontological Characterization and Correlation of Continental Shelf Phosphorites, Onslow Bay, North Carolina by S. W. Snyder and S. R. Riggs, ECU Department of Geology (Proposal submitted to The North Carolina Sea Grant College Program, 1982)
  • The Phosphate Exploration, North Carolina Experiment Station Annual Report 1884 (Printed 1885)
  • National Rivers and Harbors Address to North Carolina Congressional Delegation by Claude O. Stephens, June 4, 1968
  • Phosphate Exploration and Resource Potential on the North Carolina Continental Shelf by S. R. Riggs, et al c. 1982
  • TGS Lee Creek Complex..A New Dimension in Phosphate Mining and Processing by A. B. Caldwell, Engineering and Mining Journal, January 1968
  • The Pungo River Formation, A New Name for Middle Miocene Phosphorites in Beaufort County, North Carolina, Southeastern Geology, Vol. 5, No. 4, August 1964
  • The Mineral Industry of North Carolina Yearbooks
  • Phosphate Pumping, Beaufort County, North Carolina by Leonard Barr, May, 1963
  • An Amendment to the Land Use Plan of Pamlico County, North Carolina, 1982 (includes potential for phosphate mining)
  • Mineral Industry of North Carolina from 1960 through 1967 by J. L. Stuckey, N. C. Department of Conservation and Development, Division of Mineral Resources, Economic Paper 68, 1970
  • Phosphate Mining in North Carolina by I. H. Redeker and T. J. Wright, presentation in May 1978
  • The Citizen’s Guide to North Carolina’s Shifting Inlets by Simon Baker, Sea Grant Publication (UNC-SG-77-08), March, 1977
  • Proceedings of Public Hearing Concerning the Declaration of a “Capacity Use Area” in the Beaufort County Area of Eastern North Carolina, North Carolina Board of Water and Air Resources, October 25, 1968
  • North Carolina Water Use Act 1967, Regulations Applicable in a Designated Capacity Use Area, N. C. Board of Water and Air Resources
  • Notes for Public Release on Developing Phosphates in Eastern North Carolina, prepared by Wade Lucas, July 26, 1964
  • Report on Hydrogeology and Effects of Pumping from Castle Hayne Aquifer System, Beaufort County, North Carolina, prepared for N. C. Board of Water and Air Resources, Texas Gulf Sulphur Company and N. C. Phosphate Corporation, September 1971
  • North Carolina Phosphates by W. B. Phillips, Elisha Mitchell Society Journal, Vol. 1, 1884
  • North Carolina Phosphates, by C. W. Dabney, Jr., Elisha Mitchell Society Journal, Vol. 1, 1884
  • Final Report: The Bedrock Surface Beneath the Pamlico River Channel, Beaufort County, North Carolina, by C. W. Welby and C. J. Leith, NCSU, February, 1968

Phosphate – Other States

  • Paleoceanographic Model of Neogene Phosphorite Deposition, U. S. Atlantic Continental Margin, by S. R. Riggs Science, Vol. 223, No. 4632, January, 1984
  • Phosphate Spruces Up, Courts World, Florida Trend Magazine, 1974(?)
  • Phosphatic Pebbles from the Brightseat Formation of Maryland, by J. K. Adams, J. J. Groot, and N. W. Hiller, Jr., Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, December, 1961
  • Phosphate – How and Where Can It Be Moved? Florida Journal of Commerce, Vol. 7, No. 12, December 1965
  • Phosphate Study Update, Gem Stage Geological Review, Idaho Bureau of Mines and Geology, Vol. 5, 1982
  • Raw Materials Project, East-West Resource Systems Institute Newsletter, Vol. 3, No. 2, June 1981
  • Large-Scale Dewatering of Phosphatic Clay Waste from Central Florida, by B. J. Scheiner, A. G. Smelley and D. R. Brooks, USBM, RI 8611 1982
  • Beneficiation of High-Magnesium Phosphate from Southern Florida, by T. O. Llewellyn, B. E. Davis, G. V. Sullivan, and J. P. Hansen, USBM, RI 8609, 1982
  • Florida Institute of Phosphate Research Newsletter, 1982, Vol. 3, No. 7
  • South Georgia Minerals Program, Project Report No. 1 by J. E. Husted, A. S. Furcron and F. Bellinger, (1/66)

Phosphate – Florida

  • Maps Showing Selected Geology and Phosphate Resources of the Henry Quadrangle, Caribou County, Idaho by P. D. Derkey and P. Palmer, 1984
  • Maps Showing Selected Geology and Phosphate Resources of the Fossil Canyon Quadrangle, Bear Lake and Caribou Counties, Idaho by P. D. Derkey, P. Palmer and S. T. Miller, 1984
  • Maps Showing Selected Geology and Phosphate Resources of the Fossil Canyon

Phosphate – United States

  • Phosphates: A Case Study of a Valuable Depleting Mineral in America, U. S. General Accounting Office Report to the Congress, 1979
  • Evaluation of the Phosphate Deposits of Georgia, North Carolina, and South Carolina Using the Minerals Availability System, prepared by Zellars-Williams, Inc. for USBM, September, 1978
  • Phosphate Deposits of the United States by G. R. Mansfield
  • Florida Land Pebble Phosphate Industry, Association of Florida Phosphate Chemists, 1960
  • Coastal Zone Development by P. T. Flawn, presentation at Governor’s Conference, Houston, Texas, September, 1970
  • Phosphorite and Other Apatite-bearing Sedimentary Rocks in the Precambrian of Northern Michigan by W. F. Cannon and J. S. Klasner
  • Phosphate Rock, Mineral Industry Surveys, U. S. Bureau of Mines
  • Flotation of Carbonate and Silicate Minerals From Partially Altered Phosphate Rock of the Phosphoria Formation by A. R. Rule, D. C. Dahlin, A. J. Fergus, presented at ISMA Technical Economic Conference, October, 1978
  • Recent Advances in Beneficiation of Western Phosphates by A. R. Rule, D. E. Kirby and D. C. Dahlin, Mining Engineering, January, 1978
  • Current Beneficiation Practices for Pebble Phosphate in Florida by W. M. Houston and W. A. LaVenue, Mining Engineering, November 1962
  • Phosphate Deposits of the Southern States by L. P. Brown Engineering Association South, Vol. XV, No. 8

Phosphate – Australia

  • Australian Mineral Industry Quarterly, Vol. 34, No. 4 (1981)
  • Mineral Resources Report No. 3, Phosphate Deposits by Pamela Thieme, 1970, Commonwealth of Australia Department of National Development, Bureau of Mineral Resources, Geology and Geophysics
  • Well Logs – Schlumberger

Phosphate – World Resources

  • World Phosphate Reserves – Are There Really Enough? By G. D. Emigh, Engineering/Mining Journal, April, 1972
  • Fertilizer Mineral Potential in Asia and the Pacific, proceedings of the Fertilizer Raw Materials Resources Workshop, edited by R. P. Sheldon and W. C. Burnett, August 1979
  • Prospecting for Phosphate Deposits Panel Discussion, (Panelists: A. Notholt, S. Riggs, M. Slansky, R. Sheldon, Chairman)
  • Quality Factors of Phosphate Raw Materials, by G. H. McClellan
  • Igneous Apatite Deposits Mode of Occurrence, Economic Development and World Resources, by A. J. G. Notholt
  • Salient Features of Chinese Phosphorite Deposits by Lien-Tsun Yeh and Shu Sun
  • Newsletter of the International Geological Correlation Program Project 156, Proterozoic-Cambrian Phosphorites, No. 3, December 1978. Project Leaders: P. J. Cook and J. H. Shergold.
  • World Phosphate Resources by R. P. Sheldon, Mining Congress Journal, February 1969
  • Exploration for Apatite Deposits Associated with Carbonites and Pyroxenites by T. Deans, 1966
  • Carbonatites, edited by O. F. Tuttle and J. Gittins, Interscience Publishers, 1966
  • Phosphate Occurrences in Hazara and Other Contiguous Areas in N.W.F.P. and Tribal Areas by R. A. Khan Tahirkheli, Information Release No. 5
  • Organic Matter in Senonian Phosphorites from Israel – Origin and Diagenesis by Ora Amit and Amos Bein, Chemical Geology, 37, 1982
  • Possible Reef Origin of Dolomites of the Lesser Kara-Tau Phosphorite Formation by N. G. Brodskaya and V. N. Kholodov, Doklady Aka. Nauk SSSR, Vol. 165 (Presented by N. M. Strakhov, July, 1965)
  • Red Tide Publications:
  • The Red Tide by R. M. Ingle and D. P. deSylva, Florida State Board of Conservation, 1955
  • Red Tide and the Fluctuation of Conservative Concentrations at an Estuary Mouth by Frank Chew, Bulletin of Marine Science of the Gulf and Caribbean, Vol. 5, No. 4, December 1955
  • On the Offshore Circulation and a Convergence Mechanism in the Red Tide Region Off the West Coast of Florida by Frank Chew, Transactions, American Geophysical Union, Vol. 36, No. 6, December 1955
  • A Tentative Method for the Prediction of the Florida Red Tide Outbreaks by Frank Chew, Bulletin of Marine Science of the Gulf and Caribbean, Vol. 6, No. 4, December 1956
  • Correlations of Various Ambient Phenomena with Red Tide Outbreaks on the Florida West Coast by Anita Feinstein, Bulletin of Marine Science of the Gulf and Caribbean, Vol. 6, No. 3, September 1956
  • A Pattern of Coastal Circulation Inferred from Synoptic Salinity Data by Ilmo Hela, Bulletin of Marine Science of the Gulf and Caribbean, Vol. 6, No. 1, March, 1956
  • Sea Pests – Poisonous or Harmful Sea Life of Florida and the West Indies by Craig Phillips and W. H. Brady, University of Miami

Water and Air Resources Board

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27 – 71 Platinum group

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27 – 72 Pyrites

  • Correspondence
  • General Information

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27 – 73 Pyrophyllite

  • Analyses
  • Correspondence
  • General Information
  • Carolina Pyrophyllite Company (Guilford County)
  • Photographs
  • Piedmont Minerals – North Carolina Railroad Company Property
  • Pyrophyllite in North Carolina
  • Standard Mineral Company, Robbins, North Carolina (Moore County)
  • Documents:
    • Pyrophyllite Dust – Its Effect and Control by M. F. Trice 1940
    • Control of Reversible Thermal Expansion by W. M. Kenan 1958
    • Some Properties of Pyrophyllite as a Refractory Raw Material by W. C. Bell, et al 1954
    • The Use of Pyrophyllite in Castable and Plastic Refractories by I. W. Gower and W. C. Bell 1956
    • Pyrophyllite – From Economic Paper No. 3, North Carolina Geological Survey
    • The Development of Pyrophyllite Refractories and Refractory Cements by A. F. Greaves-Walker, et al 1937
    • High-Alumina Minerals in the Volcanic-Slate Series of North Carolina by S. D. Broadhurst and R. J. Councill 1954
    • Massive Topaz Near Stem, North Carolina by S. D. Broadhurst 1951
    • Prophyllite Resources in Japan by Hideshiro Hasegawa, Mineral Trade Notes 1947
    • A Study of the Effects of Exposure to Dust in the Mining and Milling of Pyrophyllite by Dr. H. F. Easom, et al 1939
    • Talc and Pyrophyllite Deposits in North Carolina by J. H. Pratt 1900
    • Jim Conley’s Project, Moore County

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27 – 74 Quartz, crystals

  • Analyses, Quartz and Quartzite
  • Correspondence
  • General Information
  • Quartz in North Carolina
  • Quartz pebbles (gravel)
  • Documents:
    • Quartzites in the Piedmont of North Carolina by S. D. Broadhurst and W. C. Hayes
    • High-Silica Quartz-Quartzite in Western North Carolina by E. C. Van Horn 1948
    • Quartzite of the Wesser Area by T. G. Murdock 1947

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27 – 75 Quartzite (See Quartz, crystals, 27 – 74)

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27 – 76 Refractory materials

  • General Information

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27 – 77 Rutile

  • Correspondence
  • General Information
  • Documents:
    • Field Investigation of Rutile Deposits in Clay County, North Carolina and Towns County, Georgia by E. C. Van Horn 1945
    • Preliminary Report on the Titanium Ores of the Eastern Tennessee Valley Area by C. E. Hunter 1938

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27 – 78 Scheelite See Tungsten (27 – 101)

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27 – 79 Selenium

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27 – 80 Sericite (see also Mica)

  • Correspondence

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27 – 81 Silica, sands

  • General Information
  • Document:
    • Silica Sand for Glass Production in a Portion of the Atlantic Coastal Plain by N. K. Olson 1969
    • California Journal of Mines and Geology 1/48:
    • Trends in the Foundry-Sand Industry
    • Properties of Foundry Sands
    • California Foundry Sands
    • High-Silica Resource Potential of the Upper Chilhowee Quartzite, McDowell County, North Carolina by L. S. Wiener, C. E. Merschat and J. T. Tanner, Jr., information Circular 26 1990

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27 – 82 Silicon

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27 – 83 Silver

  • Analyses

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27 – 84 Slate See Stone (27 – 90)

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27 – 85 Soapstone See also Talc (27 – 92); Scheelite and Tungsten

  • Analyses
  • Correspondence
  • Document:
    • Laboratory Notes on Potential Western North Carolina Soapstone Resources by E. H. Bentzen, III 1975

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27 – 86 Spinel

  • Correspondence

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27 – 87 Spodumene See Lithium (27 – 58); Pegmatites

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27 – 88 Sillimanite

  • Correspondence
  • Documents:
    • Deposits of the Sillimanite Group of Minerals South of Ennis, Madison County, With Notes on Other Occurrences in Montana by E. W. Heinrich 1948
    • Sillimanite by E. R. Varley 1965

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27 – 89 Staurolite

  • Correspondence

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27 – 90 Stone, dimension, rough (marble, granite, slate, flagstone) See also Aggregates, heavy (27 – 1 and 27 – 2)

  • Analyses
  • Correspondence (stone)
  • General Information (stone)
  • Flagstone
  • Granite (correspondence)
  • Granite, Surry County, North Carolina
  • Granite, Wilson County, North Carolina
  • North Carolina Granite
  • North Carolina Quarries
  • Photographs (dimension stone)

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27 – 91 Sulphur

  • Sulfide Deposits, Volcanogenic Polymetallic New Mexico
  • Sulfide Deposits, Southwestern Oregon
  • Sulphuric Acid

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27 – 92 Talc See also Scheelite (27 – 78), Soapstone (27 – 85); Tungsten

  • Analyses
  • Correspondence
  • General Information
  • Talc in North Carolina
  • Documents
  • References
    • Preliminary Report on the Froth Flotation of Wake County by R. D. Dillender, Jr. 1953
    • Beneficiation of Stained Talc by W. R. Hudspeth, et al 1951
    • Talc Reconnaissance in the Vicinity of Murphy, North Carolina by H. S. Rankin and K. H. Teague 1944
    • Talc, Soapstone and Pyrophyllite in the Southeastern United States by J. L. Stuckey
    • Shrinkage Control in Steatite and Development of Electrical Insulators by R. L. Stone 1945
    • Binders and Shrinkage Control in Dry-Pressed Steatite Porcelains by R. L. Stone 1945
    • The Talc Industry of Western North Carolina by E. C. Van Horn 1949
    • Talc Deposits of the Murphy Marble Belt by E. C. Van Horn 1948
    • Origin of the Talc Deposits by W. A. White 1946 (?)

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27 – 93 Tellurium

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27 – 94 Thallium

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27 – 95 Thorium

  • General Information

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27 – 96 Tin

  • Correspondence
  • References
  • Documents:
    • The Tin-Spodumene Belt of the Carolinas by T. L. Kesler 1942
    • The Tin Deposits of the Carolinas by J. H. Pratt and D. B. Sterrett 1904

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27 – 97 Titanium See also Ilmenite (27 – 49), Rutile (27 – 77)

  • General Information
  • Documents:
    • Staff Report – Special Subcommittee on Minerals, Materials, and Fuels Economics 1955
    • Sampling Errors in the X-Ray Fluorescent Determination of Titanium in a High Temperature Alloy by R. F. Stoops and K. H. McKee 1961

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27 – 98 Topaz

  • Brewer Mine, Chesterfield, South Carolina

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27 – 99 Tourmaline

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27 – 100 Tripoli

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27 – 101 Tungsten See also Scheelite (27 – 78), Soapstone (27 – 85)

  • Correspondence
  • General Information
  • North Carolina Potential Sources
  • USBM Project 753 – Hamme – Vance County
  • Gold Hill Mining District, Cabarrus County
  • Documents:
  • References
    • War Minerals Report USBM, Hamme Mine, Vance County, North Carolina 1943
    • Report on the Investigation of the Hamme Tungsten District in its Relationship to the Buggs Island Reservoir, Roanoke River, North Carolina and Virginia 1948
    • Investigation of the Hamme Tungsten District Vance County, North Carolina and Mecklenburg County, Virginia by F. K. McIntosh 1948
    • A Note on the Use of Ultraviolet Lamps in Mines for Rapid Detection of Scheelite in Ores by Fluorescence by W. O. Vanderburg 1935
    • Tungsten Deposits of Vance County, North Carolina and Mecklenburg County, Virginia by G. H. Espenshade 1945
    • Tungsten Deposits Near Townsville, North Carolina by W. A. White 1945
    • Scheelite Discovered in Certain Soapstone Deposits in the Blue Ridge of Madison County, North Carolina by E. H. Bentzen, III and L. S. Wiener 1973

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27 – 102 Uranium

  • Correspondence
  • General Information
  • North Carolina Locations:
  • Polly Randolph Mine
  • Wilderness Study Area
  • Press Releases and Clippings
  • National Uranium Resource Evaluation (NURE)
  • Uranium Prospecting
  • Uranium, Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) Exploration
  • Documents:
  • Bibliography
    • Uranium in the Southern United States 1969
    • Geologic Investigations of Radioactive Deposits: Semiannual Progress Report 1953
    • Draft: Winston-Salem 1 x 2 NURE by R. J. Butler 1977
    • Geology of Uranium Deposits by D. L. Everhart 1951
    • Uranium in the Appalachian Mobile Belt by J. W. Gabelman 1968
    • Report on Uranium in North Carolina for the Southern Interstate Nuclear Board by W. R. Hahman 1969
    • Clarkeite; A New Uranium Mineral (Spruce Pine) by C. S. Ross, et al 1931
    • Draft of Report Submitted to the Nuexco Monthly Report on the Nuclear Fuel Market by M. Staff 1982

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27 – 103 Vanadium

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27 – 104 Vermiculite (see also Aggregates, lightweight)

  • Analyses and Testing
  • Correspondence
  • North Carolina Locations
  • Vermiculite, Stokes County
  • Murdock Papers, c. 1947
  • References
  • Vermiculite Publications:
    • The Development of Light Weight Concretes from North Carolina Vermiculites by W.A. Scholes, et al 1942
    • Report of Investigation: North Carolina Vermiculite 1942
    • Vermiculite by A. V. Petar 1933
    • Vermiculite of the Southeastern States by C. E. Hunter 1949

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27 – 105 Wollastonite

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27 – 106 Zinc (see also Copper, Lead, Gold)

  • Analyses
  • Zinc North Carolina
  • North Carolina Locations:
    • Redmond Mine, Haywood County
    • American Smelting & Mining, North Cove, McDowell County
    • Rowan and Cabarrus Counties
  • Document:
    • Lead-Zinc Deposits, Union County, North Carolina by L. G. Marshall 1952

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27 – 107 Zirconium (see also Monazite)

  • Correspondence

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For further information

For further information about these files contact Jeff Reid, North Carolina Geological Survey, 1612 Mail Service Center, Raleigh, NC 26799-1612. The telephone number is (919) 707-9210. His e-mail is Jeff.Reid@ncdenr.gov

Credits

Ms. Barbara Glover retyped the file listing. Jeff Reid prepared the hypertext version and added it to the NCGS's Internet site in May 2000.

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