RFID Journal, http://www.rfidjournal.com/faq#17
Radio-Frequency Identification tags (RFID) similar to those used by retail stores and public libraries for inventory control and theft prevention can help local governments gather information about curbside solid waste and recycling collections. RFID technology uses communications via electromagnetic waves to exchange data between a reader and an object such as a cart or dumpster for identification and tracking purposes.
How can rfid tags be used in solid waste collection systems?
RFID tags used in solid waste and recycling are attached to receptacles (carts/dumpsters) in a manner that protects tags from environmental conditions. For data collection purposes, a reader and a passive RFID tag work together as each receptacle is emptied. The reader embedded into the truck captures the tag's ID and electronically records data such as location and the time of service.
Before RFID, the industry guessed at set outs. RFID tracks program participation and set outs by address. When coupled with Global Positioning System (GPS) technology, truck-based scales, routing software and data provided by the local government, the RFID system creates a powerful tool that can be used for customer service, collection of program data, measurement of collection system efficiency and tracking inventories of carts and front-loading containers. As the 5th utility after water, wastewater, gas, and electric, solid waste is the only one without a meter. RFID is now solid waste's meter.
What are the different types of rfid tags?
Most major cart manufacturers have switched from low frequency RFID tags to more reliable ultra high frequency tags. Most are also now using tags with non-proprietary coding which allows decisions about data management systems to be made at a later date. Unless you plan to use your cart manufacturer's data management system, it is important to check with your manufacturer to ensure that its RFID tags are non-proprietary. Use of a non-proprietary system will allow you to implement the data management system of your choosing when the carts are distributed or at a later date.
What are the costs?
Costs to embed RFID tags on carts at production have been provided from several vendors to help guide budget decisions. The use of vendor's pricing is for comparative shopping only, not an endorsement of a vendor by DEAO.