Compost is the product resulting from the controlled biological decomposition of organic material that has been sanitized through the generation of heat and stabilized to the point that it is beneficial to plant growth. Compost bears little physical resemblance to the raw material from which it originated. Compost is an organic matter source that has the unique ability to improve the chemical, physical and biological characteristics of soils or growing media. It contains plant nutrients but is typically not characterized as a fertilizer. Click here for more.
Organic material makes up about 60 percent of North Carolina's waste stream and produces greenhouse gases as it decays. These materials include paper, wood, yard debris, food residuals and industrial and municipal sludges. Commercial composters work with waste haulers and organic waste generators to provide an alternative to landfills, leading to a reduction in the generator's waste management costs. The material is diverted to a composting facility where it can be recycled into soil amendments and other value-added products. Click here for more.
More than 500 companies call recycling their primary business activity. North Carolina recycling businesses add new jobs at six times the rate of all private industry. Four out of five recycling companies are small businesses with average annual revenues of $1.1 million. Click here for more.