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N.C. Department of Environment and Natural Resources

NC Department of Environment and Natural Resources
Land and Water Stewardship - Threats to Coastal Fish Habitat

Land and Water Stewardship

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Threats to Coastal Fish Habitat

Click on each Threat Category for more information.

Threat Categories *
Water
Column
Shell
Bottom
SAV
Wetlands
Soft
Bottom
Hard
Bottom

Physical Habitat Loss or Degradation

Dredging (navigation channels, marinas, basins)
X
X
X
X
X
X
Marinas/Docks/Piers
X
X
X
X
X
 
Channelization/Ditching/Filling
X
 
 
X
 
 
Flow Regulation/Obstruction
X
 
 
 
 
 
Bottom Disturbing Fishing Gear
X
X
X
 
X
X
Shoreline Hardening
X
 
X
X
X
 
Beach Nourishment
X
 
 
 
X
X
Infrastructure
X
 
 
X
Mining Operations
X
 
 
 
X
X

Water Quality Degradation

Nutrient Enrichment and Oxygen Depletion
X
X
X
 
X
X
Toxic Chemical Contamination
X
X
X
 
X
X
Excessive Turbidity/Sedmimentation
X
X
X
 
X
X
Bacterial Contamination
X
X
 
 
 
 

Other Threats

Natural Events
X
X
Boating Activity
 
 
X
X
 
 
Marine Debris
X
 
 
 
 
X
Introduced or Nuisance Species
X
X
X
X
 
 
Disease
 
X
X
 
 
 

Cumulative Impacts

* Notes: The activities listed are not always a threat to coastal fish habitat; they can become a threat at certain times, locations, durations, and/or intensities. The list is not comprehensive and includes threats associated with both natural and human-caused problems. Threats are not listed in order of importance.

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